The capital city of Alberta is one of the most interesting cities in all of the provinces. Founded in the 18th century, it has a unique 150 years of history that has built the rich background it has today. We at EdmRoofing.ca think Edmonton is more compelling than what it’s most popularly known for: oil, festivals, and the cold weather.
The Foundations of the City
The city didn’t start as a city at all. It was established in 1785 as a post for trading and was known as Fort Edmonton. It took its name from a town in England that was in proximity to London. Despite being a trading post, people started to settle around the outside of the fort, and it was made into a town during 1892. Alberta recognized the greatness of the small city quickly and named it the capital in 1905. Very early in the 20th century, the population of the city grew quite rapidly.
It wasn’t until 1947 when the major resource associated with the city was discovered: oil. That provided another boom in the population that has assisted in Edmonton’s growth to this day. Besides the oil that runs rich through the River City, there are quite a few other resources that attracted people to the area including the wildlife, timber, and water.
Growth of a Cityscape
It wasn’t until 1941 that the city experienced a wave of urban development. Buildings and structures in the central area of the city were continually being rebuilt in the 1950s. There are now a cluster of towers that dominate the city’s skyline. While the city has a bit of a reputation for building over old sites, there are still a few noteworthy places that have survived, particularly along the riverbank sites such as the Macdonald Hotel, the Legislature Building, and the Government House.
A major factor in Edmonton’s development is the river valley. It’s a great feature that has apartments and residential areas fighting for a place along the banks. The river valley has developed into one of the largest industrial areas in Alberta.
The Diverse Population
The natural resources attracted people to the area. The booming city it’s become is attracting people from around the world. Since 1996, Edmonton, AB has experienced some of the highest rates of growth in Canada, with people coming from not just other provinces but from across the sea. The majority of the population still comprises mostly people of European descent but has seen a growth in people coming from south Asia. Filipino, Chinese, and other south Asian countries make up around 22 percent of the city’s visible minority. Edmonton is also the Canadian city with the most people who identify as Indigenous. Though the diversity of the city is still growing, the high rate of migration promises that the background of the city will be more diverse.
Life in Edmonton, AB
The city of Edmonton has many compelling features that make up its background. These features are what makes the city great and worthwhile to visit. If you’re traveling through Alberta, Edmonton is a must-see stop along the way.
Like any populated city with a history, there can be some strange truths that already have been, or are waiting to be uncovered. After doing a little digging, we at EdmRoofing.ca have found some astonishing (and weirdly interesting) facts regarding Edmonton, AB and its history.
Alberta Has Been Rat-Free for Years
One strangely intriguing fact about Alberta as a province is that it has been completely rat-free for nearly 50 years. Attributed to the labors and success of proactivity, not a single Norway rat has been found in the province for roughly half a century. The Norway rats initially travelled to the East Coast of North American shores via sea-vessels between the 19th and 20th centuries. Once their population in Canada began to grow, during World War II, authorities took it upon themselves to halt the rodent population before it could cross into Alberta’s territory. This maintenance has been upheld since the 1940’s.
It’s One of Canada’s Sunniest Cities
Edmonton sits just behind Calgary for the number of 325 days with recorded, bright sunshine. This puts the city at roughly 2,353 hours of annual sunlight, where most spring and summer daylight time periods can last up to 17 hours. Unless you prefer to stay indoors or in the dark, this amount of light can be a big mood-booster to both residents and visitors alike.
There’s No Provincial Sales Tax
This doesn’t apply strictly to the city of Edmonton, but rather its province. While every other Canadian province has implemented a provincial sales tax, Alberta is the only one that has maintained a 0%.
The Coldest Temperature Recorded Was -49.4°C (-56.9°F)
It’s no surprise that the further north you travel, the cooler the winters tend to be. That being said, unless you already live that far north, or in Antarctica, it’s likely that your idea of “cold” doesn’t even come close. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Edmonton sat at -49.4°C (-56.9°F) on both Tuesday, January 19, and Thursday, January 21, 1886. It’s recorded that the winter of 1886 was particularly harsh for majority of the continental North America.
A Local Nickname Dubs It “The Festival City”
With nearly 50 returning festivals in the city every year, it’s no wonder that locals have given it this nickname. Ranging in theme from commerce, regional, food, arts, religious, folk, and holiday festivals, it isn’t a secret that the city loves to celebrate it all.
Singers Kathryn Dawn “K.D.” Lang, and Mac Demarco Are from Here
First gaining international recognition from her 1988 performance of “The Alberta Rose” during the Vancouver Winter Olympics, singer K.D. Lang has gone on to win multiple Grammy Awards, and appear on Ellen, Pee Wee’s Playhouse, Portlandia, and How I Met Your Mother. The singer has gained popularity in the entertainment industry, as well as made strides with her activism regarding LGBTQ+ rights, vegetarianism, and AIDS/HIV care and research. Mac Demarco, age 27, has gained recent popularity as a singer, songwriter, musician, and producer, has appeared on The Eric Andre Show, and has released three studio albums.
Summer is past and if you never remembered that your house was leaking during the previous winter, you must read this now. Most people will opt to remain indoors for the better part of the day, yes, it’s winter season. This is a season that presents severe weather conditions as we experience snow, ice, and low temperatures. Easy-to-do roof repair and maintenance tips for winter are now given for one to deal with the winter conditions.
Roof Maintenance Tips for Winter
1. Clean the gutters
You may hire a professional gutter cleaner, or you can do it yourself. With properly cleaned and clear gutters, the melted snow and ice will shed down into the downpipes without causing harm. When water collects in blocked gutters and downpipes and overflow, they can cause leakages in buildings and consequently damage the drainage system. It is easy to remove any debris that might have collected over time.
2. Carry out visual inspection
This can be done from the ground level or using a ladder. The inspector checks the shingles, structural soundness and other parts of the ceiling for any signs of damage. The structural integrity preserved can withstand relatively major snowfalls. It is easy to note an unstable roof, by checking if there are middle roof sags or water damages in ceilings. Small cracks can result in major damages when snow and ice work their way into them.
3. Remove Debris
Debris can include garbage, branches or leaves and you should strive to eliminate them. Debris can result in clogging up of drains and cause some leakages. Apply this easy-to-do roof maintenance step and avoid the need of drip buckets to curb leakages.
4. Inspect, take care and insulate the attic
After inspecting the external part of the ceiling, it’s important to inspect your attic in preparation for winter. Inspecting it during winter, make it easy to see leaky areas. A winter ventilation inspection on the attic prevents leakages, and it is an important part of winter roof maintenance. During the inspection, you check and remove mold around the joints, the warped wood, and the stained insulation.
5. Trim the trees and their branches
Tree branches hang over the ceiling can snap when subjected to the weight of snow and ice and might result in damages. Trim the trees that are located next to the house despite the aesthetical appeal they deliver. Trimming will also help in reducing debris and will reduce the risk of having to fix it.
6. Limit roof traffic
When winter season approaches, you may climb on or around the ceiling to clean or trim trees. Regular foot traffic can cause leakages, due to the splitting of shingles and crack of flashing under pressure. It is important to carry out inspection and avoid stepping on roof tiles or weak shingles.
7. Do pressure washing
Use of high-pressure water pumps to ensure blast the roof as this breaks through any moss, lichen or dirt that has collected over time. Blasting allows roof coating to provide the best possible application quality when doing roof repairs. And what’s more? Blasting extend the life of the ceiling!
8. Removal of accumulated ice and snow
Aside from any crisis circumstances that should be managed, there isn't much to accomplish for repairs and basic reviews, yet the snow and ice should be watched out. Check the collection of snow and ice frequently, particularly after a substantial snowfall, and shovel it out or procure an expert to carry out the work. Check whether there are any lumps of debris that have been blown after high wind snow fall. Consider introducing ice liquefy socks in your canals or append warm tapes and belts to help with dissolving snow and ice if you have an issue with ice developing on your rooftop in the winter.
Roof Repair Tips for Winter
Re-bedding entails application of cement under the ridge capping, to replace the damaged seal. It involves adding flexible materials over current ridge surfaces to make a stronger base.
2. Seal cracks and joint/vents leaking water
Immediate repairs can save you from leakage and cold conditions!
3. Structural repairs
Any part of the ceiling that is damaged or sagged poses the danger of structural failure due to the weight of accumulated ice and snow. It is important that you carry out inexpensive repairs by replacing the damaged parts. This may call for a professional, but repair is less costly compared to having to inherit the damage caused by the falling snow.
Step 1: Understand flat roof basics
Before looking at the best ways to do flat roof repair, you need to know flat roof basics. As the name suggests, flat roofs are roofs which are almost level. Their flatness makes them susceptible to water damage since water tends to accumulate over flat surfaces over time. Although flat roofs are assumed to be flat by most people, they should have a slope (pitch) of at least 10 degrees.
Besides water damage, flat roofs are also susceptible to heat damage (from the sun). All types of flat roof damage come with distinct signs. Flat roof water damage comes with unmistakable signs like; dark brown ceiling patches (resembling concentric circle stains) caused by water seeping in slowly through the ceiling. A sagging or rotten ceiling is also a sure sign of water damage. Water damage can also cause excessive rusting if you have metal roofing parts. Flat roof heat damage comes with signs like major splits, tears or ripples.
Step 2: Take safety precautions
Once you have familiarized yourself with flat roof basics like types of damage, it is time to take the necessary safety precautions before you begin repair procedures. First and foremost, make sure the roof is accessible safely i.e. there are no excessively slippery areas. You should also wear safety clothing such as a helmet, gloves and high visibility clothing. You should also have a roof kit to protect you from falls as well as allow you to transport equipment from the ground quickly and safely.
Step 3: Clean the area
Before you begin repairs, don’t forget to clean the roof. Remove all debris even if you have found the damaged area to make sure there is no more damage. Cleaning the roof also helps to prevent slipping.
Step 4: Start repairs
Different types of flat roofs require different repair procedures. Here’s what you need to know about repairing the main types of flat roofs.
a. Repairing concrete flat roofs: Concrete flat roofs are susceptible to cracks as well as surface wear. To repair such damage effectively, start by cleaning away all loose debris present. You can fix concrete flat roof damage temporarily by applying a thin layer of bitumen primer. This can be followed by applying a bitumen based paint to waterproof the surface as well as seal cracks temporarily. This fix is perfect for temporary as well as emergency repairs.
You need a flat roof repair expert to do a permanent fix. Such fixes are recommended when there is severe damage such as large cracks or patches.
b. Asphalt flat roof repair: Asphalt flat roofs are susceptible to blistering which is the formation of bumps of trapped air/moisture which tend to burst over time. This type of heat damage cause cracks, splits or wrinkles. It can also cause sagging over a long period. This type of damage can be fixed temporarily or in cases of emergency by applying waterproofing roofing paint on the cracks or damaged area.
To repair such damage permanently, the damaged roof section must be torched on. You shouldn’t attempt doing such repair if you are not an asphalt flat roof repair expert yourself.
c. EPDM Rubber flat roof repair: Rubber flat roofs are susceptible to damage caused by falling debris. The debris usually causes tears as well as deep cuts or holes. To fix such damage temporarily, you need lap sealant. This type of repair is however ideal for small cuts, tears or holes.
To fix EPDM Rubber flat roof damage permanently, you need to apply EPDM primer when the roof is dry. You also need to add self-adhesive rubber tape to cover the damaged area. The area also needs to be adhered firmly from the centre outwards using a hard roller. If this fix is too technical for you, don’t hesitate to call a roofing expert.
d. Felt flat roof repair: Felt flat roofs are susceptible to cracking, splitting or puncturing. Edging can also cause lift or old flashings (against the wall) resulting in leaks. Felt flat roofs also tend to form dips or hollows. Painting damaged areas can repair most felt flat roof damage temporarily.
If the felt roofing is in poor condition, you may require a more specialized repair such as liquid system repair. Older felt roofing may need patching. This process requires the use of a torched flame which introduces numerous risks. For this reason, it is advisable to leave permanent felt flat roof repairs to experts.
You can do temporary or emergency flat roof repair yourself. In most cases, however, you need a flat roof repair expert to do proper repairs. A roofing expert can check for signs of further damage. Flat roofing experts are also trained to deal with the unique safety risks presented by flat roofs. Considering damaged roofing can damage property as well as cause serious health problems, you have another good reason to hire a roofing expert.
Best ways to do flat roof repair? Hire a flat roof repair expert!
For years now, Slate has served as a beautiful, sustainable material that has become infamous for its low maintenance, fireproof and waterproof characteristics. Not to mention how they can last anywhere between 100 to 200 years if well maintained. Combine all that with the fact that it’s elegant, ingenious, effective and highly affordable and it’s easy to see why Slate makes some of the finest roofs on the planet.
A short walk around your neighborhood will reveal that slate roofs are indeed a crowning touch in numerous residential and public buildings throughout the USA. Unfortunately, slate maintenance becomes more and more necessary as your roof edges towards the end of its life. At this point, the tiles and shingles might still be in good shape, but the fasteners may have corroded from years of exposure. Instead of spending money replacing your entire roof, hiring a slate roof restoration and repair consultant will help save you plenty of time, money and effort. Here’s how professionals work to preserve the beauty of your slate roof with slate roof repair.
Basic Elements of Slate Roofs and Their Common Problems
Before you can preserve anything, it’s important to understand what your slate roof is made of, how it works and what the common problems that plague each element are. By being well informed and educated on your slate roof, you can even grab some tools and attempt some DIY repairs. Generally, the core elements of slate roofs include:
This is without a doubt the most important part of your slate roof. Not only should your slates be hard, but they should also have a reputation for longevity. Normally, slate is just hard stone mined from the earth in huge, heavy slabs that are then worked into individual shingles by hand or machine.
The mere fact that slates are rocks gives them the ability to stay on your roof for up to two centuries without needing repairs. Unfortunately, stone is a natural material that may have invisible fractures and other imperfections that could crack or damage your slates over time. Depending on the variety, other slates are softer and may crumble as early as 50 years in, making your roof quite ugly and unsightly. Hiring the right roofing experts will ensure your damaged slates are replaced and any weak links are fortified to create one gorgeously perfect roofing surface.
Flashings and Roof Deck
Flashings are those metal joints visible around pipes, dormers, chimneys and other areas that protrude through the ceiling. In Slate roofs, flashings are sheet metal joints that are installed between the roof planes. With time, flashing wears out and could even rust if exposed to too much water.
Worn flashing gives a slate roof a very ancient appearance that betrays the real age of the roof. However, maintenance practices such as painting will see your flashing last almost 4 times longer than unpainted ones. If your flashing is excessively worn, that could spell disaster for the rest of your roof. Hiring slate roofing experts to replace your worn flashing is the smartest move in this case. For the roof deck, a making sure that your non-laminated board deck is in peak condition and not exposed to the elements will see it last for decades without needing any real maintenance.
Typically, the nails holding your roof together should be made of copper or stainless steel. However, cut steel nails and hot-dipped galvanized nails have been known to last for over two centuries without any issues. But with time, nothing is truly invincible. Nails tend to rust or corrode as a result of years of exposure to the harsh elements outside. In turn, loose nails cause your slates to fall off and break; leaving large, ugly, open holes all over your roof. If this sounds like your roof, get the nails replaced immediately using special tools, and any loose slates will be secured back on.
Aside from preserving the beauty of your slate roof, all the above repairs have numerous benefits when it comes to performance and enhancing a home’s resale value. Other common slate roof problems include bad workmanship, improper repairs, tar blotches, mismatched slates and terrible metal patchwork. Fortunately, all these errors and problems can be easily corrected by slate roofing experts who know what they’re doing. Hire one today and enjoy all the benefits that come with having a beautiful, attractive and functional slate roof over your head.